Russian Slang and Idioms. Lesson 15.

Milk products in RussianIn our previous lessons you’ve learned about the names of fruits and berries, vegetables, bread, and even ice-cream in Russian, and today you will learn the names of the most popular dairy products in Russian.
I will also share with you a very easy milk cocktail recipe that you and your family can enjoy on a hot day. 
Let’s start by learning a few dairy products words in Russian:

Молоко [ma-la-KO] milk

Word молоко is a noun. You can use it in combination with other adjectives, for example:
Вкусное молоко
[FKOOS-na-ye ma-la-KO]
Tasty milk

Сгущёное молоко
[sgoo-SHO-na-ye ma-la-KO]
Condensed milk

Молочный (adj.) [ma-LOCH-niy] milk, milky

Word молочный is an adjective, and can be used in combination with other nouns. For example:
Молочные продукты
[ma-LOCH-ni-ye pra-DOOK-ti]
dairy (milk) products

Молочный шоколад
[ma-LOCH-niy sha-ka-lat]
milk chocolate

The next few words:
Кисломолочные продукты
[kees-la-ma-LOCH-ni-ye pra-DOOK-ti]
fermented milk products

Сливки [SLEEF-kee] cream
Пахта [PAH-ta] buttermilk
Творог [tva-ROK] cottage cheese
Сметана [smee-TA-na] sour cream

Сыр [SIR] cheese
Масло [MAS-la] butter
Маргарин [mar-ga-REEN] margarine

Йогурт [YO-goort] yogurt
Ряжанка [RYA-zhan-ka] fermented milk
Кефир [kye-FEER] kefir

Here is a quick infographic to help you learn new Russian words:

Dairy in Russian

Working on the dairy products in Russian lesson reminded of my favorite milk treat that I used to enjoy when I was a little girl – молочный коктейль [ma-LOCH-niy kak-TYEL’] milk cocktail. This treat was very popular when I was growing up. My Mom and I would enjoy this delicious cocktail at a local café as a treat after school or after a weekend stroll in the park.

This recipe is very easy, it only takes a few minutes to make. It’s easy, refreshing, fun, and delicious. Your whole family will love it!

Milk Cocktail Recipe (Рецепт Молочного Коктейля)

The ingredients you will need:

  • Ice cream – 100 gr
  • Cold milk – 100 ml
  • Fruit jam or syrup (Syrup can also be any other flavor: coffee, chocolate, vanilla, instead of jam or syrup you can use honey) – 2-3 table spoons


1. Add fruit jam and cold milk to a mixing bowl and mix well.
2. Add ice-cream cut into large cubes.
3. Blend fruit jam, milk and melting ice-cream using a blender for at least 30 seconds, until milk foam appears.
4. Serve in a tall glass with a straw.
5. Enjoy!

Easy, right? Now it’s your turn to try this recipe. A little tip: you can use different flavors of ice-cream in your cocktail too (learn about the many different flavors of Russian ice-cream). You can experiment with the cocktail as much as you like.

Let me know how your milk cocktail turns out. You can share your own cocktail pictures on Russian4real Facebook page.

This is all for today. I will talk to you very soon!

Study with Maxim Achkasov


The courses of Russian as a foreign language with Russian4real take place online via Skype. The teacher works with adults individually since he is convinced that each person must receive maximum time for practice and professional attention while learning a foreign language.