Posted on March 29th, 2013
In our today’s lesson we will talk about the genitive case of the Russian nouns.
The genitive case is mainly used in Russian to denote possession or relationships between two objects. There are many other uses of the genitive case, and you can find more information about the uses of the genitive case in this wonderful reference book that I often use as one of my resources for the lessons – A Comprehensive Russian Grammar by Terence Wade. Now, let’s talk about how the genitive case of the Russian nouns is formed.
If a noun has an ending other then -й or -ь, then you will need to add -a to the end of the word: Врач-врача
If a noun ends in -й or -ь, then you will need to drop that letter and add -я:
Апрель – апреля
Зверь – зверя
Some masculine nouns change their stress when the ending is added.
If a noun ends in -o, then you will need to drop that letter and add -a:
Плечо – плеча
Пиво – пива
If a noun ends in -е, -ё then you will need to drop that letter and add -я:
Платье – платья
Бельё – белья
If a noun ends in –а, drop that letter and add -ы:
Морда – морды
Лампа – лампы
There is an exception to this rule:
If a consonant before the final –a is mentioned in the 7-leter spelling rule, add –и instead. If you are not sure what the 7-letter spelling rule is, click on this link and watch the video.
Here are examples:
Мышь – мыши
Краска – краски
If a noun ends in -я or -ь then you will need to drop that letter and add -и:
Баня – бани
Тетрадь – тетради
Now, let’s practice. The following three nouns are in the nominative case, please form the genitive case of these nouns:
Have fun learning Russian!
- Video: First Conjugation Verbs Завтракать, Обедать, Ужинать.
- Grammar Video: Preposition “Ha” in the Prepositional Case
- Video: How to Form Past Tense in Russian
- Russian Verb “Любить” (Love) and How to Say “I Love You” in Russian
- Video: Second Conjugation Verbs in Russian
Study with Maxim Achkasov
The courses of Russian as a foreign language with Russian4real take place online via Skype. The teacher works with adults individually since he is convinced that each person must receive maximum time for practice and professional attention while learning a foreign language.