Posted on February 7th, 2013
In the previous lesson you learned how to form the diminutive nouns in Russian and today we will talk about the Russian adjectives in the Nominative Case.
Adjectives in Russian always agree in gender, number and case with the nouns they modify. For example:
As you can see adjective “cимпатичная” agrees with “девочка”. “девочка” is a noun, singular, feminine in the nominative case, and “cимпатичная” is an adjective that is also singular, feminine in the nominative case.
Now let’s talk about the masculine adjectives in a little more detail.
Masculine adjectives modify masculine singular nouns. All masculine nouns end in –ый. A couple of examples:
There are exceptions, of course.
1. To follow the 7 letter spelling rule, the ending changes to –ий. I’ve already mentioned this rule in my previous lesson – the Plural of the Russian Nouns, but there it is one more time – 7 letter spelling rule:
Never ever write letter – ы after the letters г, к, х, ж, ч, ш, щ. These letters will always be followed by –и.
2. “Naturally” soft adjectives always take ending –ий:
3. Adjectives that stressed on the last syllable end with –ой:
Neuter adjectives modify neuter singular nouns. Neuter adjectives end in –oe:
There are two types of exceptions from this rule:
1. The adjectives that follow 5-letter spelling rule, end with –ее. Here is the 5 letter spelling rule:
ш, щ, ж, ч, ц are followed by a stressed –o, or –e. Do not write an unstressed –o after these consonants
2. The adjectives that are “naturally” soft, for example:
Feminine adjectives modify feminine singular nouns. Feminine adjectives end in –ая:
The only exception is the adjectives that are “naturally” soft that end in -яя:
Plural adjectives modify plural nouns of any gender. Plural adjectives end in –ые
1. To follow the 7 letter spelling rule, the ending changes to –ие:
2. Naturally soft adjectives take ending –ие
And one more thing: adjectives denoting nationality are not capitalized, for example:
A quick exercise: make the feminine, neuter and plural out of the masculine adjective красивый and post your answer in the comment area below.
This is all for today!
Have fun learning Russian!
- Video: First Conjugation Verbs Завтракать, Обедать, Ужинать.
- Grammar Video: Preposition “Ha” in the Prepositional Case
- Video: How to Form Past Tense in Russian
- Russian Verb “Любить” (Love) and How to Say “I Love You” in Russian
- Video: Second Conjugation Verbs in Russian
Study with Maxim Achkasov
The courses of Russian as a foreign language with Russian4real take place online via Skype. The teacher works with adults individually since he is convinced that each person must receive maximum time for practice and professional attention while learning a foreign language.